At the AU-EU ministerial meeting in Brussels, Foreign Affairs CAS Ababu Namwamba urged the UN to finance Africa's counter-terrorism mission in Somalia.
“The promotion and maintenance of peace and security in the world is the primary mandate of the United Nations,” Namwamba said.
Kenya was not saying this for the first time.President Uhuru Kenyatta told the then UN boss Ban Ki Moon in 2016 that there was an
urgent need to ensure "predictable, adequate and sustainable funding for Amisom through UN-assessed contributions”.
The source of the funding problem can be traced to the entry into Somalia and the partnerships that followed.
Paul D Williams, Associate Professor of International Affairs at George Washington University, says Amisom's initial financial costs — 2007-2011— fell directly on the Troop Contributing Countries (TCCs). At that time, they were only Uganda and Burundi.
"They received considerable financial assistance from several partners — notably the EU, US, and UK — as well as from a private firm, Bancroft Global Development," William notes in his publication: 'Paying for AMISOM: Are Politics and Bureaucracy Undermining the AU’s Largest Peace Operation?'
The EU provided allowances. But when it joined, Amisom was to remain for six months as a counter-terrorism force before transitioning into a UN peacekeeping mission. In the new status, UN would fully fund it through assessed contributions.
It is not UN's practice to fund combat missions.Amisom is yet to change status a decade later, raising key issues that have affected the financing. These include the longevity of the mission, circumstances of the global economy and other international conflicts.